Get ready for the net zero carbon era, a save-the-world policy that needs our focus
Global warming is one of the problems that need to be addressed urgently, especially in the industrial sector – another key factor of GHG emissions that lead to more severe impacts even though it was found that many parties have tried to solved this problem throughout the past years, whether by formulating policies that conform to the United Nations Paris Agreement (Paris Agreement) or coming up with the net-zero, which is the concept of reducing GHG emissions generated by activities or products.
However, the net-zero concept is a very challenging goal. This is because, in reducing greenhouse gases to zero, there is a need for cooperation throughout the value chain, both directly and indirectly or from the manufacturer to the end user. As a result, the Net-Zero policy has become a close concern that everyone should focus on at the same time.
What is Net Zero Carbon?
Net-zero is a goal of zero atmospheric equilibrium by reducing the amount of greenhouse gas emissions, balancing the amount of removal, such as carbon capture before emissions from manufacturing and industry, or planting more trees to help purify the air, etc.
At the same time, Thailand is also ranked as the world’s 14th most vulnerable country to long-term climate change. The determination of measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions towards Net-Zero Carbon in the year 2602 of Thailand has involved 6 control measures as follows:
Shifting the electricity generation and fuel consumption portfolio to low carbon, increasing the proportion of electric vehicles in the country, managing the waste (Zero Waste to Landfill) through the BCG Model, the use of low carbon products and services 2020-2073. Moreover, it focuses on moving towards Zero Burn and Smart farming through BCG Model and digital technology, as well as the capture, storage, utilization and hydrogen technology.
What are the guidelines and goals?
According to the 16th United Nations Convention on Climate Change, Thailand has to report the status of greenhouse gas emissions every two years. Most recently, in 2020, Thailand plans to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions in Phase 2 by stipulating the 2030 target to be 20-25% compared to 2020 under reductions in greenhouse gas emissions by 20.4% for the energy and transportation sectors, by 0.3% for waste management, and by 0.1% for industrial waste.
The global greenhouse gas reduction framework and potential have also targeted to keep global temperature rise below 2 degrees and try to limit it to 1.5 degrees as well. Thailand by the Minister of Natural Resources and Environment, the National Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs Pledge) presented to the 20th Session of the Conference of the States Parties in Lima, Peru, stating that by 2020, Thailand will reduce its Greenhouses emissions in the country at 7 to 20 percent in the energy and transportation sectors to lower than normal operating emission levels (Business as usual). Later, on April 22, 2016, Thailand signed the Paris Agreement (COP 21) and ratified it as a party to the Paris Agreement on 21 September 2016. At this COP 21 meeting, the world has set a common long-term goal: to keep global temperature rise below 2 degrees Celsius and try to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial times… ”
Why is it important for everyone and every organization?
Because global warming is caused by various activities and production processes to meet the livelihood of everyone on the planet, solving this problem is a burden that everyone has to help bear and be aware of the disadvantages that will always affect the environment.
While Net-Zero is a way to reduce greenhouse gases to zero, it is a requirement that organizations, including all supply chains and individuals shall pay close attention to how each process of emission takes place in order to help us avoid, control and drive the Net-Zero approach to sustainably achieve the goals set by 2030.